Why Are Houses in America MADE OF WOOD?!
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Why Are Houses in America MADE OF WOOD?!

Hey everyone! Dana here. I’m not a builder, neither of my parents
are especially handy…you know, fixing broken stuff around the house. We didn’t talk about construction materials
at home when I was growing up. I had never really considered what the apartments
or houses that I lived in in America were made of. As long as they didn’t contain asbestos
and were signed off by the relevant authorities as being safe to live in I didn’t really
ever give the construction of those buildings much thought. That is, until, I moved to Germany. On my very first meeting of a bunch of Mr.
German Man’s friends — this was back when I still lived in Prague, and I met his friends
here in Germany — one of his friends asked me about this topic. Why are American houses made of wood? The tornadoes and hurricanes tear them apart. It’s a bad house design. Why does America do it that way? I just stared at him blankly with no idea
what in the world to answer. To be honest, I kind of thought maybe he was
joking. But when I chuckled he didn’t chuckle back. He was totally serious. He really an answer to his question from me
right in that moment. And of course I had no answer for him, and
so the evening moved on, and I quickly forgot about his question, never really ever expecting
to be asked about building materials ever again. I thought that had simply been something on
his mind because he in particular was especially interested in construction materials in America. But then I moved to Germany, and to my utter
surprise, I found myself getting questioned by different people about the wood structures
in America over and over again. The first few times that I got asked the question
my answer was like: because they just are. But the more I got asked about it, the more that
I thought about it, and the more I started to question it myself. Yeah, why are houses in America made of wood? Wood rots and wood can be eaten by termites
and wood doesn’t do so well in a flood and can be ripped apart by tornadoes. Why aren’t they built with concrete and stone
bricks like they are in Germany. So I did a little search online and quickly
realized that actually, the answer is not so far off from my initial response of: because
they just are, I guess. As far as I could find, houses are made of
wood in America because… There’s a lot of wood in America. Especially when the Europeans first settled
there, with huge forests all around, wood was simply one of the most abundant and easily
accessed resources. So it just kind of make sense that they would
start making houses with it. And once you start doing something one way,
sometimes you just kind of get stuck doing it that way. Wood was there, so the builders made houses
out of wood. And they in turn then taught the next generation
of builders how to make houses with wood, who taught the next generation about wood,
and so on and so on and so on. And importantly, Americans also learned to
like the way that wood houses look. Whereas in Europe, techniques in masonry developed. So that’s all that I know about why wood in America, but
one assumption that I often hear tied in with the question about wood homes in the U.S.
is that if America would make homes out of stone like people in Germany do, then tornadoes
wouldn’t destroy them. So I end up often getting the question: why don’t
Americans build concrete or brick homes to protect themselves from tornadoes? And what I could find on that is that to
actually make a tornado-proof house, just making the building out of stone, concrete,
bricks…literally taking a building out of concrete in the middle of Munich and sticking that
in Tornado Alley, in the path of a really strong tornado, that would not be enough. That would not do the trick. That’s not a tornado-proof house. Because tornadoes don’t just produce really
strong winds, they produce really strong winds and with those winds they whip up huge objects
like cars and trucks and buses and they hurl them through the air. So the tornado-proof houses would need to
be built not just to withstand strong winds, but also to withstand a bus coming at it at
200 miles per hour, which is about 320 kilometers per hour. So, yeah, just making the homes out of concrete
or stone would not actually make them tornado-proof. You would need a special design and special materials,
windows, doors that could take a bus coming at them at 320 or more kilometers per hour. And that could withstand the pressure that
comes with those swirling winds. And if you want to do that for all the homes
in Tornado Alley, that would be a huge undertaking and cost because Tornado Alley is really,
really big. Like way bigger than all of Germany big. And as people wrote in the comments of my
video on hurricanes and tornadoes in the U.S., Tornado Alley is so big, such a big area,
that it’s possible to live there for many years and never actually see a tornado. So my question for you is: Do you have any
ideas or any more insight into this topic? And if you could have your house built out
of any material in the world, what material would you want it made of? Please let me know in the comments below! Thanks so much for watching and liking and
commenting and subscribing to my YouTube channel. I really hope that you enjoyed this video,
and I also hope that you will enjoy the bloopers that are coming up next. Until next time, auf Wiedersehen! And they in turn then taught the next generation
how to make build with houses. Build wood with houses. How to make build with houses. Ding dong. Bllll. It’s so cold in here. It’s snowy outside. I see the snow.


  • Manny Brazil

    This how US destroyed their florests and trees. Now they want to conquer and destroy the florests from others countries. Like Brazil. 😉

  • Liberty Adams

    3:03 But wood is genuinely a shit building material 😂 it's something youd think would evolve with time. That's why old American houses usually look kinda shit as opposed to victorian British homes. All you have to do is walk on a dodgy spot and you could probabaly fall right through 😂. A kid could punch their way out of a home in America, not to mention flammability.

  • Gutve Rello

    Houses in USA built to do not last long because of houses were that good that people would not buy new houses. The houses in US are bult of cheap low quality materials out of recycled shredded and compressed wood remains. American people simply do not know what good quality is…They value View, square feet and community. They are not that wise or experienced…
    This type of material rotes, moldes, detoriates and loose shape slowly but surely. The construction of houses is a disgrace. The major goal of mortgage banking scam to push 2-3 houses to one generation and capitalzie on a fools…

  • Bass Warner

    I she were more interesting. I am just as curious about this topic, but hate the way she speaks. Why not just speak and stop trying to be overly excited? Tuts

  • VeryUs Mumblings

    Why wood? That's easy. Once upon a time there were these three little pigs, and one of them made a house of hay and in only two weeks, his entire house was eaten by a cow. Then the second little pig built a house out of stone and his house was remanded by the local sherrif and made into a jail. So the third little pig built a house made of wood and told the cops that they couldn't put the prisoners in there because they would escape through the walls and then he told the cow that his house was unpalatable and extra-dry. And so he lived happily ever after until the Big Bad Wolf came to town and huffed and puffed until he smoked all his weed and then ate his cow and fell asleep on his driveway.

  • Leo Timtom

    American homes are made of wood, because that is the cheapest material for construction companies to build a house, and the fastest way. So they make the biggest profits. And mostly it is not even a wood house, it is rather a timber framed particle board house. Americans have always preferred large , shiny cars over sophistication, elegance and better materials, this is also reflected in their large sized cardboard houses.

  • Andrej Hallder

    Everyone in europe builds from bricks, concrete, nobody uses wood for a house ( with exception of some eco hippies and whatever ), my chickens live in a brick stall, you use wood to build a cabin in the woods or a dog house…

  • Flat Plainstone

    Even here in Romania we have concrete, brick and stone houses and blocks of flats. Sturdy building materials that last for ages.
    Edit. If I'd live in tornado valley, I'd build my house underground with minimalist stuff above.

  • Kremlebot

    In USA House made from shit, because is cheap, and americans dont understand what for they money, they buy shit. This is buisness.

  • luis guiza

    Not only Germans ask themselves that question, in Mexico we do not understand why houses are so insecure in the United States, it is totally crazy for us that people live with their families with children and the elderly in a house with hollow walls made of cardboard and wood. it is easy to catch fire with a short circuit or simply with a match or a hurricane can take it from one moment to another or that the termite eats them, or that a tree falls on them and destroys them easily, this is something that never we will understand

  • farn tf

    I think it's because it's cheap and americans like it big (pun intended) cars, houses, menus, streets, everything must be big.

  • Martin Hughes

    There is a huge environmental problem with concrete & Bricks. You need heat, from fossil fuels/ agregates and sand which is often dredged up illegally. There is not enough of the right sand incredibly for the amount of construction. Wood is actually renewable and is less problmattic is some ways. I'm British btw so it's all brick & concrete where I live.

  • Rat Lives Matter

    I watch large houses going up here in Hungary all the time. Never do I see a wood house being built. They go up quick and they are always brick.

  • Lifted_Above

    There's also the challenge of insulating spaces with solid rock/brick/concrete/etc. rather than very low density cellulose or glass fiber in between studs. Takes a lot of material to make a house that way. Stick-framed houses are cost effective, good at insulating extreme conditions, and easily modified. Routing plumbing, electrical, and attaching finish materials on stud frames is easy. Doing those things in solid concrete, block, or stone is NOT easy.
    Monolithic steel-reinforced concrete dome houses are extremely strong, probably the strongest structures and can easily withstand heavy flying projectiles and extremely high winds, also impervious to flood waters. There are builders who specialize in those structures.

    As far as "tornado alley" is concerned, that's true when it comes to slightly concentrated areas, but generally over decades it looks something like this: https://modernsurvivalblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/tornado-tracks-united-states.jpg

  • Dini Anu vlogs sinhala

    In my country (sri lanka) people build houses using concrete bricks ..there's never tornado hurricanes earthquakes in my country..

  • Nige G

    I bet rich Americans have steel and brick houses on deep concrete foundations, with proper roof tiles, double glazing and cavity walls. These things are taken for granted here in England and we never have tornadoes, I rest my case. 😁🤣🇬🇧🇺🇸👍
    PS I do like American house styles.

  • deee327ify

    American houses dont even need a bus to destroy them…For them a little flying wood or even wind alone is enough.
    The average European concrete/brick house would have a much better chance of withstanding Tornados or Hurricanes.The only thing that would be at high risk is the roof.
    The answer to his question is because US bullding standard laws are pretty much non existant and because wooden frame houses are cheap.

  • pile kuki

    Yes, the nailed-together-world in North America! Where a wolf just huffs and puffs and blows the cardboard box right away! NO lessons learned in North America in regards to tornados and hurricanes! Tough luck I'd say 😂 There would be almost no damages to a house if it were built like in Germany. No hurricane could make it fly away like a cardboard box like it regularly happens in the States. Still, NO LESSONS LEARNED! How idiotic!

  • skylark304

    In USA , ZONING AND CODING is applied to design a house or a condo or a commercial structure. Florida is tropical east coast is different from NEWYORK which is Northeast colder zone ,hence zoning is different , now coding depends on its requirement according to the need of the house. Multi-storied condo is built in a very different coding than a single family home. Concrete cracks easily and hence in earth quake zone , houses are made up of wood. wood have been processed for water & fire proof also ; grades of ply wood have been made with advanced tech that can last for 150 yrs-200yrs easily . wood is cheaper and eco-friendly and makes house very affordable. steel concrete construction has place for overways , tunnels, bridges , railways and many high rises but expensive.. Dry wall tech with aluminum frame for building material has done very good choice for partition and walls. Sliding on the exterior of house walls protect its core walls against all weather degradation.

  • ironman12328

    Americans: Why Are Houses in America MADE OF WOOD?!… Why… Really easy to say… Cheap, Easy to Use and also we love to destroy Nature…. me as European: WTF…. Did You never heard from a Pulver called Concrete…

  • Abraham Swaray

    I am from Liberia, west Africa and we build with concrete here despite my country is poor. I used to visit the American embassy in my country and it also build with wood. When I came to America I also ask do This question ?

  • Sanjit kumar Pattanayak

    America is the richest country in the world but their people can't afford cement concrete house …..😂😂😂….lol

  • Riviere Marc

    it s cheap that s all and it s pretty expansive for clients typical american dream how to make money

  • Ezam Lewaz

    awww you should do voice overs for cartoon characters you sound so sweeeettttt…OK back to the video because I am really curious too…

  • Boba Bier

    I understand houses were built out of wood when america was settled. But over hundreds of years there should be some development. Like "well, our houses rot. how about a stone on top on the other".
    I just don't get why they still stick with cheap bulding. Especially in regions which are struck by heavy storms every fucking year. I mean, it's not very surprising in some areas. What is the thinking behind that?
    "Oh, my house is just blown or washed away, let's build another one to be washed away." After hundreds of years… I still don't get it. We see your houses falling apart, people suffering and dying and we just think: "What about a stone house with a sturdy roof?" Other large objects hurling can't be the argument. Coz a normal house in Europe could be hit by a flying car and it would still stand. Roofs are pretty replaceable. But the whole house?
    Needing a special desing to make them tornado proof is bs. Roofs will always fly. But the walls don't have to. And that's the point. Why the fuck do you build light walls that can be run down by a huge person? Just put one brick on another and it will stand forever. Like all your prestige buildings are built of brick and concrete. But the homes are not. It is just friggin stupid. You can't talk that away.

  • Jaman Polkhwal

    I think only in America wooden houses r cheaper than concrete ones..
    In India even wooden flooring is fkin expensive…so mostly people prefer white marvel over wood..
    But I love wooden flooring..it looks beautiful..at the same time it needs lot of care

  • Greenfang Y

    Wood houses can be fine but Americans are blithering morons and most American homes rot. Concrete is more idiot proof

  • Sam S

    Just like ford builds shitty cars, Americans build shitty homes that consume massive amount of energy. It’s a disposable society. The goal is to keep things breaking down quicker, so there will be more consumption and keep the wheel of economy moving regardless the consequences of destroying nature. Houses in Germany last for a few hundred years, house in America last for many 30-50 years.

  • Chris Li

    American houses are garbage, admit it. Most of them are money pits that breaks down in 20-30 years and most of the houses built in the 90s already look like shit.

  • Truth Seeker

    Not Quite Right:
    Not all tornadoes are as powerful to carry large objects like buses. The counter argument to your reasoning is just looking at the pictures after tornadoes pass a region; you will notice that many buildings are standing where all the other houses around them are destroyed. Many of those structures are built out of brick and concrete.

    Houses in California:
    California, specially south California, is arid and semi arid prone to catching fire in long hot summers. Every year many houses are consume by California fire, yet Smart Americans rebuild their houses out of wood again!

    Houses in Nevada:
    Nevada is a desert, yet people build wooden house with large grass patches where the water must be more valuable than gold.

    So why Americans build their houses out of wood?
    – The deeper answer – as you mentioned in your clip – is because their forefathers did it so. Being a very young nation, American have not developed the skill of living in harmony with their habitat which in many regions are quite different from Europe where they originally emigrated from. If you visit a vast country with thousands of years of history which like US has regions with different climate and topology — e.g. China, India, Iran, Ethiopia, …, etc — you will notice that the houses are made of different materials mostly available in that particular region and are made in harmony with the habitat. In most of these countries now, that knowledge is lost and now they also build the buildings which are not suited for that region and cool it with Air-Conditioner and warm it with Central Heating systems.

    – The simpler answer is that wood is much cheaper material in US and requires much less skilled constructors to build the entire house out of wood. Wooden structures can be built much quicker and demolished much faster as well.
    However, all these are secondary because if American made their houses out of the material which is more suited for their region, the skilled constructors for concrete and masonry would have been as abundant as the wood constructors and the cost difference would not be as humongous as it is now. Now simply building a house out of brick and concrete in US is so expensive that one can not justify it and will have difficulty to sell the house for the price that returns the initial investment.

  • ジャレッドクシュナー

    People with a brain will never buy an American cardboard box house and get in debt for 30 years

  • Steven Nodlehs

    Waco massacre made it illegal to build houses that can't be burnt down. The government must be able to set you on fire in your home.

  • Ismail Berisha

    It will make them tornado protective. When houses are build in Europe, they build static posts to protect them very strong winds. If you didn't know, Europe sometimes has strong winds as well.
    You dont need to guess. See only Philippine and Indonesia during tornadoes and tsunamis, the only building standing are build with bricks. The answer why? is simple. Because building with wood is cheap 🙂

  • raven kavoori

    0:53 i have the same question that's why i'm watching this video.
    2:10 yes aside from tornado and hurricane it rots, eaten by termite, not good with floods and fire.
    i was really thinking that there is a law that prevents building residential building from using concrete or brick unless its a commercial building or its hard to get building permit or approved by building officials compare to using wood materials.

  • Pablo Hernandez

    Each one has its use depending where in the U.S you live in. However, you are right. There is wood everywhere in here!

    Concrete Block & Cement won't work well in Earthquake-prone areas, but sustain faster winds than wood.
    Wood-framed houses are not great in Hurricanes and Tornadoes, but are more flexible than cement in earthquakes!

  • Jos frost

    even if it does not give full security against tornado heavy objects. its still way more sturdier then a wooden house. and it will still reduce the fatality rate, besides if you get a bunker below your house u have storage for when its a normal day. since its colder below ground. and when needed your safe from harm . its a win win really . if thats not a thing then reconsider moving away from tornado alley i mean who would even live there in the first place.

  • Dnevnik Pindosa

    When I was a kid living in Eastern Europe and read a book Wizard of Oz I couldn't understand how it was possible for a wind to lift a whole house in the air.. when I came to US in 2007 I understood why it was possible. I'm going to build my own brick and concrete house in US.

  • blue manson

    If a 🏠 is made out of wood it is all about making money. Governments make alot of money due to building permits and companies make money by building then in weeks then months. Lobbies pay government to keep strictly laws to profit more .

  • Servis Veglash

    a flying bus? what about average tornados destroying your woody house while doing nothing to reinforced concrete houses?

  • Canadian Summer

    you don't build concrete house because of flying buses. so you booked your name with NASA for MARS. Right

  • Jan-Jelle Ras

    I live in Holland and i am a house-builder myself. We use the best of both materials. The bearing walls, and the ones for stabilisation, are made of stone or concrete. The partition walls inside the house are often made of wood or other light materials. The roofs are nearly all made of wood and covered with rooftiles so that's a weak point against tornados of course.
    Luckily we don't have tornados in Holland.

  • Quinton TV

    SMH ok i'll handle this. Two main reasons, it's CHEAPER (which is silly), also it's way easier to access water lines that may burst in the winter.

  • ruzzell907

    In the Philippines, we prefer our houses built from concrete and reinforced steel. We don't have tornados, but we have typhoons. It's like hurricane Katrina every November to February. That's not an exaggeration. Our home survived Typhoon Haiyan, only damage is a tree fell on our roof, just that. Lightweight homes with no steel braces made roofs fly off and hand on someone else's home. Now I'm in America, I still find it very strange homes are still built from wood, but at the same time amazed how they hold up for more than 50 years still standing.

  • D P

    US houses are made out of wood because America used to be nothing but wilderness and wood was the easiest and most available resource for building homes. Using wood simply became tradition.

  • Tlaloc 86

    The same reason why china makes $2.50 shoes and they are sold for $50.00 in America, same reason why a pill costs $0.50 anywhere in the world and $80.00 in America.

  • The Irishpanic

    Forget about tornado proof. How about fire proof? Let's face it. Americans build wood homes because it's cheaper and it needs repairs. Which makes you spend more money. If Americans lived is fire proof concrete house they would need less maintenance

  • Vaita Mataele

    If you build a concrete house with concrete walls a foot or so thick it would definitely be bullet proof and it would be able to withstand 200 mph winds, I don’t know about it after 300 mph and more.

  • ukkr

    There is a HUGE building in New York. Granted, there was a contractual problem, so they redesigned things, but they felt things were super strong. It was a tall building, and seemed secure. Well, some engineering student had to write a paper, and he wrote it on the famous and unusual building. He found a failure that he was POSITIVE was there. He knew that storms had been predicted and all. He found the engineer that designed the building and mentioned that this storm was heading there and if it hit the building a certain way, it could cause it to fall. It would be DEVASTATING! Had it happened, 9/11 would have happened earlier. It would have been almost as devastating. IMAGINE a VERY tall building just FALLING in new york that would destroy MANY city blocks. This building happened to be the headquarters of a HUGE BANK! Anyway, the engineer checked, and the student was right. They worked day and night in virtual secret to buttress the building. Luckily they finished in time and the building survived. But WIND almost destroyed it. It hurts a LOT of steel buildings. Most have relatively minor damage, but they don't necessarily just ride through it. And water hurts a LOT of things.

    Earthquakes can REALLY hurt CONCRETE! Ever hear of the sylmar quake? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fEgeZGDnZw4 A WHOLE city was hurt a LOT! The thing that showed the most damage? CEMENT!!!!!!! LA had to retrofit everything to be prepared.

    In 1994. there was a lot of damage in a HUGE swath of land. It was called the northridge earthquake ONLY because they found a new fault that started there. AGAIN, the places most damaged were made of CEMENT! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JjwK_h_WRxg

    I lived in a hybrid apartment. Most of the apartment was wood. It was the ONLY one for 3 blocks that was tagged green. yellow meant go in BRIEFLY with caution to move, etc…. Red meant DANGER, VACATE IMMEDIATELY, LEAVE ALL BEHIND! Most of the others were BRICK or CEMENT!

    Wood tends to ride out most earthquakes better if built right. It is also cheaper and easier to fix, and easier to modify.

    This is not to say wood is great or the others are bad. It is only to show that there are benefits. Frankly, I would prefer steel. BTW Steel used to e HARD and expensive, and there was apparently earlier a problem with concrete to a degree. There is also the density and population. Trying to get concrete poured in the us is quite a production, etc…. Also, I have NO idea how things are in germany. There homes may be built in impractical ways. My fathers place, for example, has a HUUUUUUUUUUUUUGE footing! Some homes don't have ANY footing, and some don't even really have a foundation. Anyway, he and I asked the contractor about that, and he said it was enough for a place THREE TIMES as tall as his home. It was so big because it was on a hill. o some things you just DON'T think about. And that is one reason why cement is such a big deal. They actually measure it in cubic YARDS! From Google: Each cubic yard costs about $65. However, a fully loaded cement truck will hold 10 cubic yards—and partial “short” loads cost $15 to $20 extra for every cubic yard less than a full load.Jan 26, 2014

    BTW Most wood homes DO have a cement foundation and sometimes with a footing or basement. Also it is reinforced.

  • Keepingthefaith72

    How is it cheaper to build wooden houses in the US , When tornadoes keep ripping them apart .And you have to keep re-building them …. In the UK we build houses with bricks , or if they are in the country where the weather tends to be worse they are made out of Stone ……

  • RB slammed

    We still use wood construction in our housing because a massive chunk of our economy and workforce revolve around the investment and industry of wood based housing.

    Can you imagine all the jobs that would be lost overnight if we switched to concrete housing and the costs involved in adapting our entire society to creating, building, and maintaining concrete housing?

    Just the negatives aspects of wood/stick housing fuel massive industries and workforce’s. From framers to painters, exterminators to roofers and all the industries that supply them. Architects, plumbers, electricians, insulation….all would have their entire investment and educations eliminated. Sure concrete houses would use many of those industries but the skilled workforce would find all that education, training, skill, tools, supplies and even the evolution/investment immediately unneeded and the jobs that go into just the support of those things eliminated. If you just think of all the things involved in wood built housing and the scale of even just those industries which would have no transferable skills or industries if we no longer built houses from wood, you will quickly see why the advantages don’t outweigh the costs.

    Industry Economic Investment. So many industries in the US have been developed to provide for the building of houses from what was once simply used for the fact of its abundance that if we now tried to shift into a concrete/cement based housing society we would see massive hits to one of the main drivers of our internal economy.

    But ultimately if you wanna know the simple answer to why we haven’t made the choice to build (more than we already do) concrete houses in America? Same reason we still don’t have universal health care, same reason we don’t have universal higher ed, same reason we don’t have a solar wind and electric powered grid, why we don’t build more electric vehicles, same reason we don’t have widespread public transportation…..in the end it’s the same reason we still don’t take advantage of so much of the knowledge we have acquired. We don’t do the things that are obviously in our nations best interest long term ultimately bc of greed and apathy in the short term.

  • Jeffie Jeff's Art

    I live in Canada. Our houses on the west coast are all made of wood. Wood is warmer in the winter. And insulates well. Also good against earthquakes. It flexes and bends but doesn’t crack or crumble down. Brick are much more dangerous in earthquake zones. In Ontario more eastern Canada they use brick for all there houses. I think it’s mostly because the west coast of Canada is a rain forest with tons of trees and the east coast doesn’t have as many trees.

  • Largemouth Bassman

    Because they always need fixing and that’s how people make money by ripping people off. Just to cover the wooden frame there are layers of different materials.

  • Ignacio Augusto Olivar

    I think it's more a cultural aspect than the avalaibility, cost and skills needed of use other materials for construction. The influence of religion in the early pioneers, the puritans, was huge in severa aspects of the beginning of american society, Masonry technics was deeply associate from late Middle Age to construction guilds with deeply roots in catholic societies, secrets societies (Freemason for example) even the legacy of spanish moors who ruled Spain for 10 centuries. After Protestant Reform (and associate with previously cultures, specially in scandinavian region) made house with wood was symbol of distinguish from catholic society: the austerity of the churches in Denmark, Norway, and so on are a good example of it, nothing like to huge cathedral made with stone, brick, mortars, statues, etc. And of course, european culture see the process of build a house who it's intend to last forever, a symbol of eternity (in contradiction with the views of protestantism in which the only that last forever it's God itself), but practicity in America lead the processes of build a house in short time, for a certain period of time, give the possibilty of moving to another town, and at 20th Century, industrialization of houses obiously uses wood, drywalls, and don't prefer bricks and mortar.

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